All Prime Ministers (PMs) of India with Duration
As per Indian Constitution, the head of the constitution is called the President of India. But the executive capabilities lie with the Prime Minister of India. The Prime Minister of India is considered as the chief executive of the Indian Democratic Govt. The PM is always appointed by the President of India. The PM wins from the Lok Sabha from majority, and is generally the supreme leader of the ruling party in the centre. The first PM of India was appointed in the year of 1947, after our country got independence. Since then, a total of 15 PMs have been appointed till now and has served their roles. Following are the Prime Ministers of India from the beginning:
Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru
On India’s Independence from British Raj, Jawahar Lal Nehru was made the PM of India on 15th Aug, 1947. He was appointed by then Governor General of India, Lord Mount Batten. He was the President of Indian National Congress and played a very important role in the independence of India, along with M. K. Gandhi. He held the longest term of post of the Prime Minister for 16 years and 286 days.
Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda
Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda was the second PM of India. He was appointed by the then President of India, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. He was elected the Prime Minister of India on 27th May after the death of them PM, Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. He continued as the PM till 9th June, 1964. After that, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri took the charge. He served two short terms, each for 13 days, as the Prime Minister of India. He came back to power for the second term on 11th January, 1966 after the death of the third Prime Minister, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri and continued till 24th January, 1966.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was the next PM of India and took charge from 9th June, 1964, after Gulzari Lal Nanda. He played an active role in the freedom movement of India. He stayed in the PM’s chair for a period of 1 year and 216 days, till his death on 11th January, 1966.
Smt. Indira Gandhi
She was India’s first female PM.She was appointed from the Congress party by the acting President of India, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.She held the post of Prime Minister from 24th January, 1966 to 24th March, 1977, i.e. for 11 years and 59 days and then again from 14th January, 1977 to 31st October, 1984, i.e. for 4 years and 291 days. In her second term, she was appointed by the then President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy.
Shri Morarji Desai
After the general elections of 1977, the Congress party was swept away from power at the centre, the Janata Party chief, Shri Morarji Desai was appointed as the Prime Minister of India on 24th March, 1977, by the then President of India, Shri B. D. Jatti. He held this post for a period of 2 years and 126 days. He was also a freedom fighter of India and joined the freedom struggle with Mahatma Gandhi.
After the end of Morarji Desai’s term, Shri Charan Singh was appointed as the PM of India on 28th July, 1979. He was from the Janata Secular Party. He continued his Prime Ministry for 170 day till 14th January, 1980. After the Lok Sabha elections of 1980, Congress party again came to the power.
After Charan Singh, Rajiv Gandhi came to the power and took the responsibility of being the Prime Minister of the nation. He held the post for 5 years and 32 days till 2nd December, 1989. Like his mother, he was also assassinated in a bomb blast.
Janata Party leader, Shree V. P. Singh was appointed the PM of India after the end of Rajiv Gandhi’s term. Though he was in the power for a short period of time of 343 days. During his days, the Janata Dal broke down and a new party called Samajwadi Party was formed.
Samajwadi Party leader Chandra Shekhar was appointed the next PM of India. The new party was formed as an aftermath of the drift between the Janata Dal. He was at the PM’s chair for only 223 days.
P.V. Narshimha Rao
Again the Indian National Congress came to power after the 10th Lok Sabha Genaral Elections and on 21st June, 1991, Shri P. V. Narshimha Rao was appointed as the Prime Minister of India. He held the post for 4 years and 330 days, i.e. from 21st June, 1991 to 16th, May, 1996.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
He was appointed as the PM of India for two spans. One was for mere 13 days after the death of the earlier PM. And later, after the end of term of I K Gujral, for a long period of 6 years and few days. He was from BJP. He is considered one of the foundation stones of the BJP. Under his ministry, India fought the Kargil war against Pakistan.
H.D. Deve Gowda
Shri Gowda was appointed as the PM of India on 1st June, 1996. He was from the Janata Party. He was at the PM’s office for 324 days, till 21st April, 1997 and then was replaced by Shri I. K. Gujral.
Shri I. K. Gujral
Shri I. K. Gujral was also a prominent leader of Janata Party and was made the PM After Godwa. He was appointed from the Rajya Sabha. Then again for the second time, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was re appointed as the PM.
He was appointed as the PM of India on 22nd May, 2004 and continued till 26th May, 2014. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP were defeated again by the Congress led UPA. Manmohan Singh held the post for 10 years and 4 days.
He is the current Prime Minister of India who came to power after the UPA government was defeated by the BJP led, NDA. He took charge from May 26th, 2014 and till now. He has launched many yojanas schemes under his leadership and also visited many foreign countries to develop political and economic relations with them.
All Prime Ministers (PMs) of India with Duration
|Sl.No.||Name of PM||Period of holding the PM’s post||Political party from which being appointed|
|1||Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru||15th Aug,1947 to 27th May,1964||INC|
|2||Gulzarilal Nanda||27thMay, 1964 to 9th June, 1964 and 11th Jan, 1966 to 24th Jan, 1966||INC|
|3||Lal Bahadur Shastri||9th June, 1964 to 11th Jan, 1966||INC|
|4||Indira Gandhi||24th Jan, 1966 to 24th March, 1977 and 14th Jan, 1980 to 31st Oct, 1984||INC|
|5||Morarji Desai||24th March, 1977 to 28th July, 1979||Janata Party|
|6||Charan Singh||28th July, 1979 to 14th Jan, 1980||Janata Party|
|7||Rajiv Gandhi||31st Oct, 1984 to 2nd Dec, 1989||INC(Indira)|
|8||V. P. Singh||2nd Dec, 1989 to 10th Nov, 1990||Janata Dal|
|9||Chandra Shekhar||10th Nov, 1990 to 21st June, 1991||Samajwadi JanataParty|
|10||P. V. Narasimha Rao||21st June, 1991 to 16th May, 1996||INC|
|11||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||16th May, 1996 to 1st Jun, 1996 and 19th March, 1998 to 1st June, 1996||BJP|
|12||H. D. Deve Gowda||1st June, 1996 to 21st April, 1997||Janata Dal|
|13||I. K. Gujral||21st April, 1997 to 19th March, 1998||Janata Party|
|14||Manmohan Singh||22nd May, 2004 to 26th May, 2014||INC|
|15||Narendra Modi||26th May, 2014 to Incumbent||BJP|